A driving force for culture, entertainment, and business in the 21st century, is the internet, and more precisely, social media. The extent to which we allow social media companies to pry into our lives has consistently been a subject of controversy, but there is little understanding as to how they do so and what can be done to avoid this glaring invasion of privacy. Although widely publicized and generally understood to be negative, the tracking and trafficking of personal data are hard-to-grasp concepts for many people, despite the general populace’s regular interaction with these practices.
The collection of user data greatly benefits online companies that make the majority of their earnings through the sale of ad space and data correlating with consumer trends to third parties. The most obvious means they use to accomplish this is by collecting the information users willingly provide to them. According to the Loyola University of Maryland, “by tracking users’ Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter likes, as well as Google searches, media platforms, and networks are able to generate a general idea of what your interests are.” Companies are able to use the data harvested from user interaction to then push targeted advertising upon unsuspecting, or perhaps aware, granted uncaring users. This improves product visibility for those willing to buy a given item and makes the investment in social media companies worthwhile.
Another, more intangible way that digital organizations capture user information is via cookies. Cookies are used to store information and are usually utilized for convenience, such as with cookies that remember a user logging into a website, thus preventing the hassle of having to log back into a site every time it is accessed. Whenever a website is opened, it stores a cookie file on the user’s device and has a unique ID for each user. Cookies can be used for more nefarious means, however. According to Cookie Law Info, a website dedicated to information about cookies, “the creators of cookies use these IDs to identify users and track them online. Cookies collect information – online habits, previous visits, search history, etc. – and pass them on to the servers of the cookie owners. This information is then used for targeted advertisements and personalized content.”
Many find that being spied on is rather alarming, and uncomfortable. Nevertheless, the use of social media and other internet platforms is an important aspect of modern life that can be challenging to move away from. In order to continue the use of the internet while maintaining a sense of security and privacy, one must first and foremost be knowledgeable of how they are being tracked, and secondly what they can do to stop it. The most widely marketed tool and consequently most well-known in popular consciousness is a virtual private network, or VPN, which obscures information such as location and browsing data. Other, less monetarily draining methods, including using the options given by browsing systems to help protect privacy and lying. Most browsers provide a plethora of options to help limit the degree to which websites can track someone, the easiest of which to comprehend and execute being to simply clear cookies on a regular basis. In order to make sure personal privacy can be upheld, however, the use of anonymity is essential. Providing false information about one’s name, age, gender, etc., although against many sites’ terms of service, is the only definite way to make sure the most sensitive information about user identity is hidden.
The acquisition of personal data by technological corporations and their partners is a persistent danger to individual privacy that only grows more troublesome as technology advances. To better protect against this invasion of privacy is to understand how it happens, so proper precautions can be taken moving forward.